Viewing the world as a computer: Global capacity management

Meta currently operates 14 data centers around the world. This rapidly expanding global data center footprint poses new challenges for service owners and for our infrastructure management systems. Systems like Twine, which we use to scale cluster management, and RAS, which handles perpetual region-wide resource allocation, have provided the abstractions and automation necessary for service owners to be machine-agnostic within a region. However, as we expand our number of data center regions, we need new approaches to global service and capacity management.

That’s why we’ve created new systems, called Global Reservations Service and Regional Fluidity, that determine the best placement for a service based on intent, needs, and current congestion.

Twine and RAS allowed service owners to be machine-agnostic within a region and to view the data center as a computer. But we want to take this concept to the next level — beyond the data center. Our goal is for service owners to be region-agnostic, which means they can manage any service at any data center. Once they’ve become region-agnostic, service owners can operate with a computer’s level of abstraction — making it possible to view the entire world as a computer. 

Designing a new approach to capacity management

As we prepare for a growing number of regions with different failure characteristics, we have to transform our approach to capacity management. The solution starts with continuously evolving our disaster-readiness strategy and changing how we plan for disaster-readiness buffer capacity.

Having more regions also means redistributing capacity more often to increase volume in new regions, as well as more frequent hardware decommissions and refreshes. Many of today’s systems provide only regional abstractions, which limits an infrastructure’s ability to automate movements across regions. Additionally, many of today’s service owners hard-code specific regions and manually compute the capacity required to be disaster-ready. 

We often don’t know service owners’ intentions for using specific regions. As a result, our infrastructure provides less flexibility for shifting capacity across regions to optimize for different goals or to be more efficient. At Meta, we realized we needed to start thinking more holistically about the solution and develop a longer-term vision of transparent, automated global-capacity management.

Latency-tolerant vs. latency-sensitive services

When scaling our global capacity, Meta initially scoped approaches to two common service types: 

  • Stateless and latency-sensitive services power products that demand a fast response time, such as viewing photos/videos on Facebook and Instagram mobile apps.
  • Latency-tolerant services power products in which a slight delay in fulfilling requests is tolerable, such as uploading a large file or seeing a friend’s comments on a video.

When considering placement of a latency-sensitive service, we must also take into account the placement of the service’s upstream and downstream dependencies. Collectively, our infrastructure needs to place these services near one another to minimize latency. However, for latency-tolerant services, we do not have this constraint.

By using infrastructure that has the flexibility to change the placement of a service, we can improve the performance of the products. Our Global

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How PayPal’s Technological innovation Management Application Develops Senior Expertise

  • PayPal’s Technology Management Application is a 2-12 months rotational plan.
  • 10 mid-occupation staff members are picked out for the extremely selective application every single year.
  • Members produce small business and tech understanding, leadership expertise, and global consciousness.

Gerard Prunty has invested most of his virtually six-year job at PayPal operating as a information scientist. Even so, he recently found himself undertaking a thing he under no circumstances could have imagined: main a product sales presentation for a shopper.

“If you experienced told me a year and a fifty percent prior to, as a information scientist functioning in fraud, that I might be undertaking profits pitches to merchants and companions, you know, I would’ve said you happen to be nuts,” Prunty informed Insider.

His new obligations came as final result of his participation in PayPal’s Technological innovation Leadership Application, which he joined in January 2020. Prunty, who was a direct facts scientist on PayPal’s risk group, also used time doing work as a solution manager and establishing and launching credit score solutions in addition to his time in gross sales as section of the TLP. 

It can be a program that Sri Shivananda, PayPal’s main technologies officer, likens to an “inside MBA” and is one of the payment giant’s principal resources of management improvement. 

The TLP aims to expose mid-career workforce to all aspects of the firm by four unique rotations in excess of the course of a two-12 months interval. Shivananda, whose business office at this time sponsors the software, explained to Insider the method prepares participants for potential leadership roles via its focus on 5 main parts: small business acumen, management expertise, international perspectives, broad technologies fluency, and private advancement.

Though some TLP members return to their previous companies in diverse roles, numerous alumni go on to new teams and roles at the summary of the system.

10 workers are accepted into each cohort of the very competitive method. Candidates are nominated for the TLP by a director-degree leader and submit a two-moment movie highlighting their factors for making use of and the techniques they’ve created all over their profession.

Sri Shivananda

Sri Shivananda is PayPal’s main technology officer and the sponsor of the TLP application.

PayPal


Due to the fact TLP’s inception in 2011, the program’s 20 cohorts have produced 95 graduates. The bulk of alumni (58) have also remained at the firm, a little something Shivananda claimed is a significant asset to PayPal’s leadership progress pipeline.

When PayPal looks to make a major transform or establish a new product, Shivananda reported that a TLP alum is nearly constantly concerned in a leadership part. 

“This application just accelerates the development of an specific in phrases of what they understand, what they are able of,” he explained. “If they’re not heading through this method, it could have taken them a ten years to attain that kind of awareness and knowledge, and below is a compact, two-12 months, centered system that puts them forward by that substantially time.”

A key part of

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Counterproductive patent insurance policies threaten US tech management

Though Congress moves ahead with key legislative deals targeted on investments in exploration and growth (R&D) and strengthening the United States for competition with China, it is important that we also solution ongoing policymaking with the very same strategic technique. When it comes to our mental property, steps by the Office of Justice threaten to weaken our hand in this geopolitical and technological — or geotech — competitors.  

Very good geotech insurance policies are crafted in methods that mirror what is at stake when we discuss about leadership in strategically essential systems — our nationwide protection and economic prosperity. Presented the magnitude and worth of this competitors, a coordinated policymaking method involves the analysis of financial, technological, diplomatic and nationwide safety pursuits. These kinds of a competitive and coordinated frame of mind need to apply not only to crafting new legislation and guidelines but also to how we method and if need be, reform current laws procedures.   

This kind of a disconnect was just found with poor coordination regarding 5G networks and aviation devices. The end result was uncomfortable for perceptions of U.S. technologies leadership, as perfectly as the working of our governing administration. Yet, irrespective of the disruption, it was in the long run a subject to be solved by screening and engineering. It was a brief-term obstacle, albeit self-inflicted, that could be prevail over. Unsuccessful policymaking on a little something as foundational and crucial as intellectual house could undercut our technology leadership in the extensive run.  

These types of a failure is taking place right now, as the Division of Justice (DOJ) has introduced its intention to revisit a 2019 joint plan assertion with U.S. Patent & Trademark Place of work (USPTO), and National Institute for Standards & Know-how (NIST) on crucial patents. By revisiting this assertion, and weakening necessary patent holders’ capability to shield their IP, this DOJ is not only earning an conclusion-run around coordinated policymaking — coming at a time when USPTO and NIST leadership is not but confirmed — but also carrying out the kind of counterproductive policymaking that harms our technological know-how leadership.  

Rather of strengthening intellectual assets insurance policies in a way that reflects the reality of the present-day geotech competitors, this solution to IP plan suffers from what David Kappos, the former director of the U.S. Patent and Trademark Place of work in the Obama administration, describes as “cognitive dissonance.” This policy improve would discourage U.S. management in global technology expectations, devalue U.S. mental residence and set a inadequate instance for associates and competition on the global phase. Andrei Iancu — the incumbent USPTO director who shepherded the 2019 steerage — jointly voiced concern with Kappos about the drastic alter to current policy. This is not a partisan challenge.  

This is counterintuitive at a time when we want our top firms to established the criteria for future technologies and guarantee that the reducing-edge is described in the United States, not China. This strategy to crucial IP presents an opening for Beijing

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Concentrate on Electronic Management Device, Sensors and Existing Carrying Gadgets

DUBLIN, Nov. 26, 2021 /PRNewswire/ — The “Global Automotive Electronics Market Measurement, Share & Tendencies Investigation Report 2021-2028” report has been added to ResearchAndMarkets.com’s presenting.

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The world wide automotive electronics sector size is predicted to reach USD 392.49 billion by 2028. It is expected to register a CAGR of 7.9% from 2021 to 2028.

Expanding protection and stability considerations to control the rising highway fatalities in designed and developing economies throughout the globe are the aspects anticipated to drive the need for automotive electronics. The mounting demand for electric powered cars, autonomous vehicles, and point out-of-the-art vehicle technologies is also predicted to gasoline the industry development. Incident information recorder units, emergency contact methods, and alcohol ignition interlocks are some of the outstanding technologically superior attributes that are predicted to drive the sector advancement above the forecast interval.

The availability of superior protection systems with functions such as blind-spot detection and automated crisis braking at lessen expenditures has led to the enhanced implementation of these techniques. This, in switch, is predicted to boost the adoption of automotive ECUs and sensors employed in these units, subsequently fueling the current market growth. Additionally, these capabilities adhere to authorities policies and polices and are anticipated to pave the way for adopting autonomous autos. The ECUs and sensors are made use of for controlling the digital capabilities in these automobiles, therefore escalating the need for these elements.

The COVID-19 pandemic has negatively impacted the demand for automotive electronics in 2020. The implementation of lockdowns and social distancing norms globally has led to losses for industries this kind of as manufacturing, automotive, amusement, cafe, and hospitality. The overall vehicle creation volumes declined globally on a yr-on-calendar year foundation, mainly owing to the lessen in manufacturing volumes in North The us and Europe, between other regions.

According to the Organisation Internationale des Constructeurs d’Automobiles (OICA), worldwide car creation dropped by more than 15% i.e., 77.6 million models in 2020 as in comparison to 91.7 million units in 2019. Having said that, as governments commence to step by step chill out lockdown norms and allow for enterprises to operate with mandates of social distancing, the marketplace can assume a interval of respite for the quick-time period thanks to the rising demand for vehicles from the center-course populations.

The industry for automotive electronics is also afflicted by the current semiconductor chip shortages globally. The semiconductor chip provide crunch, run by the pandemic provide-chain gyrations and rising need, has majorly affected the automakers, forcing them to temporarily halt generation in their factories. In April 2021, General Motors and Ford introduced designs to briefly shut down their factories because of to a lack of semiconductor chips. The chaotic ordering from the automotive OEMs makes it more difficult for chipmakers to comprehend wherever they need to have to allocate provide to meet the real and shorter-phrase demands.

The Asia Pacific regional sector captured all-around 41% of the overall automotive electronics need in 2020

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Richardson Electronics, Ltd. Continues Expansion of Power Management Capabilities with Wakefield Thermal Management

LAFOX, Ill., Oct. 27, 2021 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) — Richardson Electronics, Ltd. (NASDAQ: RELL), announces a global distribution agreement with Wakefield Thermal Management products, expanding its range of heat sinks and related products for thermal management applications.

Wakefield Thermal Management has been in business since 1957, providing thermal solutions to a range of companies from international Fortune 50 companies to small and medium-sized businesses. Industries served include Power Conversion, Information Technology, Renewable Energy, Telecommunications, Transportation, Aerospace/Defense, LED Lighting, Factory Automation, Consumer, and Medical.

Wakefield Thermal manufactures a wide array of products, including thermal extrusions, LED heat sinks, heat frames and pipes, fans, heat exchangers, coolant distribution units, and liquid cold plates. Wakefield Thermal is unique in its ability to deliver the increasingly complex thermal solutions required to meet the thermal engineering challenges of today’s ever-higher electronics packaging densities.

“We are delighted to announce the partnership with Wakefield Thermal, a well-known brand in thermal management products,” stated Richardson’s Greg Peloquin, Executive Vice-President, Power and Microwave Technologies Group. “With its expansive selection of high-quality products, Wakefield’s thermal management solutions will add to our design-in capabilities for both the RF & Microwave and the Power & Energy markets.”

Richardson Electronics provides solutions and adds value through design-in support, systems integration, prototype design and manufacturing, testing, logistics, and aftermarket technical service and repair on a global basis.

“Adding Richardson Electronics, Ltd. as an extension of the Wakefield Thermal Global Sales Channel will allow us to provide not only design assistance but global supply chain to its impressive customer base in power electronics,” stated Wakefield Thermal’s Robert Kennedy, President.“ “Richardson Electronics’ global sales force will be instrumental in growing its custom thermal solution business that is being driven by our rapid growth in NPI standard product off the shelf.”

About Richardson Electronics, Ltd.

Richardson Electronics, Ltd. is a leading global provider of engineered solutions, power grid and microwave tubes and related consumables; power conversion and RF and microwave components; flat panel detector solutions and replacement parts for diagnostic imaging equipment; and customized display solutions. We serve customers in the alternative energy, healthcare, aviation, broadcast, communications, industrial, marine, medical, military, scientific, and semiconductor markets. The Company’s strategy is to provide specialized technical expertise and “engineered solutions” based on our core engineering and manufacturing capabilities. The Company provides solutions and adds value through design-in support, systems integration, prototype design and manufacturing, testing, logistics, and aftermarket technical service and repair through its global infrastructure. More information is available at www.rell.com.

Richardson Electronics common stock trades on the NASDAQ Global Select Market under the ticker symbol RELL.

About Richardson Electronics – Power & Microwave Technologies

For over 70 years, Richardson Electronics has been your industry-leading global provider of engineered solutions, RF & microwave, and power products. With the launch of the Power & Microwave Technologies group, we continue this legacy and complement it with new products from the world’s most innovative technology partners. Richardson Electronics’ Power & Microwave Technologies group focuses on what we do

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