In a initially, researchers implement dual frequency comb technological innovation to photonic thermometers

AJ Fleisher (right) and Tobias Herman (still left) with the experimental setup. A laser provides mild that is manipulated on the table to generate two optical frequency combs. The light-weight from these combs is put together and fed into the fiber optic cable that has the photonic sensor, which is found inside of a very well with a managed temperature. Last but not least, the mild signal is go through by RF detectors. Credit score: Jennifer Lauren Lee/NIST

Photonic thermometers, which evaluate temperature applying gentle, have the likely to revolutionize temperature measurement by becoming a lot quicker, smaller sized, and more robust than standard thermometers. In essence, the sensors work by passing mild into a composition that is delicate to temperature. The gentle that arrives out of the system presents researchers info about the temperature to which the sensor was uncovered.

Sometime, these very small thermometers—and extra forms of photonic sensors, which measure pressure, humidity, acceleration, and other quantities—could be embedded into buildings these kinds of as properties or bridges as they are built. By measuring these attributes as concrete or cement is environment, photonic sensors could give engineers worthwhile details about how the structure has shaped, which can enable them undertaking how the framework will fare in the extended time period.

But just one trouble researchers haven’t nevertheless solved is the finest way to “interrogate” these photonic sensors—that is, to put light-weight in and get light-weight out. Traditional solutions, which require utilizing lasers to create each individual frequency of light-weight that enters the sensor, are tough, gradual, high-priced, and cumbersome.

Now, researchers at the National Institute of Benchmarks and Know-how (NIST) have created and analyzed a way to interrogate these sensors amongst 10 and 1,000 moments speedier than earlier solutions. They do this with one thing referred to as a dual frequency comb system, employed in the previous for jobs such as measuring trace amounts of greenhouse gases, but by no means in advance of employed with photonic thermometers.

The paper is printed in the journal Optics Letters, and the evidence-of-principle experiment can take them a move nearer to commercialization of this technologies.

“I was amazed by how effectively it labored,” stated NIST’s Zeeshan Ahmed.

An more reward is that as opposed to regular techniques of acquiring light-weight into and out of the sensors, the twin-comb system could assistance a number of photonic sensors at at the time, more decreasing the size and price of a future commercialized system.

20 inquiries

To use a photonic thermometer, researchers place light of lots of wavelengths into a fiber optic cable. That light-weight interacts with a sensor of some kind—in this case, a type of grating consisting of a collection of etch marks inside the fiber.

The way that the light interacts with the grating is dependent on the temperature The sign scientists get back again from exposure to a temperature is a reduce in the amplitude—essentially a “dip”—in the gentle from one particular of the numerous wavelengths they place into

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AI technological innovation lets you chat to Jesus or Satan. What do they say?


In his 2013 hit “Beer With Jesus,” country singer Thomas Rhett imagines a barstool conference with his Christian lord and savior.

“If I could have a beer with Jesus …

I’d be positive to enable him do the talkin’

Careful when I received the likelihood to inquire

How’d you convert the other cheek

To save a sorry soul like me

Do you listen to the prayers I ship

What transpires when everyday living finishes

And when you assume you’re comin’ back again again?”

Related pontifications — albeit without the need of the beer — have occupied the Christian creativeness for centuries. It is no surprise, then, that the explosion of AI engineering has capitalized on satisfying this sort of wishes. Numerous apps now offer the devoted, or probably the bored, a way to summon the voices of Jesus, the Virgin Mary and even Satan via the miracles of language modeling programs.

What would Jesus do? You can inquire him oneself, but there are a couple of caveats. For just one, the answer will not actually be divine, and it could not be complete plenty of to fulfill.

“These chatbots are only as dependable and beneficial and theologically audio as the info that is currently being fed to them — and the thoughts that are requested of them,” Joseph Kimmel, an Episcopal priest with a PhD in early Christianity and comparative faith from Harvard Divinity School, explained to CNN.

Just before diving into the theology of it all, what do these biblically inspired chatbots essentially say?

Text with Jesus is a free application that enables end users to communicate to Jesus and a whole roster of biblical major hitters: There’s John the Baptist and other prophets, all 12 apostles, and even Noah, Adam and Eve.

“Hello, my friend! I am Jesus Christ, your Savior and Brother,” Text With Jesus’ AI savior claims. “How can I aid you these days?”

AI Jesus turns out to be really loquacious, if not a bit evasive. When requested what race he is, AI Jesus states “As the Son of God, I transcend human classes this sort of as race,” ahead of going on to say he’s generally “depicted with characteristics that are commonly associated with the area in which I lived through my earthly ministry, which is in the Center East.” (AI Jesus’ in-app avatar bears an uncanny resemblance to The Dude from “The Large Lebowski.”)

When requested whether or not he is good friends with Satan, AI Jesus gives a challenging “no,” but follows up his characterization of Satan as a “fallen angel” with relevant scriptural references.

Unfortunately, AI Jesus also does not have a favorite baseball workforce. “However, I am constantly existing with you and guidance you in all features of your existence, including your love for baseball or any other activity.”

For an further $2.99 a month, Textual content with Jesus also presents consumers accessibility to an prolonged lineup, together with Satan himself.

“Well hello there there. It

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Harvard physicist claims meteor fragments might be items of ‘technological gadget’ from outer house

(NewsNation) — Just about a ten years back, a meteor touring faster than 95% of nearby stars crashed into the Pacific Ocean. Harvard College astrophysicist Avi Loeb claims there is a likelihood it wasn’t a room rock at all.

Loeb just returned from an tour to the Pacific Ocean, the aim of which was to get well parts of that meteor. He claims those fragments could be the continues to be of a “technological gadget” from yet another photo voltaic procedure.

The 50 very small spherules, or molten droplets, are believed to be designed up of metal-titanium alloy that is stronger than the iron identified in other meteors. That, along with the meteor’s pace, has Loeb and other researchers sure of one particular issue: It is not from this photo voltaic system.

A spherule, or a molten droplet, recovered from the floor of the Pacific Ocean is revealed. (Courtesy Avi Loeb)

“It’s the initially time that human beings are holding in their arms materials from a massive item that came from interstellar area,” Loeb claimed Wednesday on “CUOMO” even though demonstrating a vial made up of one particular of the spherules.

Loeb and his workforce recovered the molten droplets in the ocean off the coastline of Papua New Guinea, exactly where they determined the meteor, IM1, crashed in 2014. The Protection Division confirmed to NASA in 2022 that the velocity of the meteor does “indicate an interstellar trajectory.”

Placing out to come across fragments of the object, Loeb’s crew in June dredged the ocean ground with a magnet sled that picked up mostly volcanic ash.

About a week into the expedition, the scientists located the “metallic marbles,” as Loeb explained them, buried inside of the ash. The spherules are fewer than a millimeter in dimension.

“We discovered them concentrated alongside the route of the meteor, and moreover, the composition may perhaps be wholly unique from solar method objects,” Loeb explained. “We are planning to use electron microscopes to also picture them and examine what kind of isotopes they consist of, like radioactive isotopes.”

Loeb qualified prospects Harvard University’s Galileo Venture, set up to look for for signals of UFOs and other interstellar objects. The most recent expedition to the Pacific Ocean price $1.5 million and resulted in a discovery that “opens a new frontier in astronomy,” Loeb reported in a a Medium website post.

The samples will bear even more testing at Harvard to ascertain specifically what they are produced of.

“Either it is a rock that was made in an atmosphere very different than the solar system mainly because the material toughness was harder than all room rocks, together with iron meteorites,” Loeb stated. “But it is also feasible that it was some variety of an technological gadget. Just believe of (NASA’s) Voyager (spacecraft) in a billion several years colliding with an exoplanet and burning

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Biden’s most recent large local climate rule will relaxation on not often used technological know-how

The latest proposal arrives as EPA continues alongside an formidable regulatory agenda to sharply ramp down the use of oil, pure gasoline and coal in motor vehicles and the power sector in purchase to minimize U.S. greenhouse gas emissions in half by 2030. The agency proposed the nation’s strongest-at any time restrictions on cars and trucks’ greenhouse gas pollution earlier this thirty day period, with the aim of spurring a large surge in income of electric powered automobiles.

“We’ve been encouraged by what we have listened to from EPA” about the electric power plant proposal, “and what we have seen from them in other principles,” explained Lissa Lynch, director of the federal lawful group for the Purely natural Assets Protection Council.

The power plant rules stand to be much more stringent than EPA’s past two makes an attempt to control the sector’s carbon emissions — produced under the Obama and Trump administrations.

And they seem to be more powerful than what EPA signaled earlier this 12 months.

In March, days ahead of the rule was submitted to the OMB, EPA Administrator Michael Regan hinted that his agency was eyeing a standard that would need new electric power crops to be developed with the skill to use carbon seize at a afterwards date. But people today next the proposals say the administration is now planning to release draft policies that would involve new gasoline plants to hire carbon capture a lot more swiftly.

Not just about every coal- and gas-fired electric power plant will have to fulfill the rules’ most stringent benchmarks. The greatest facilities would be essential to make the deepest, earliest cuts to their carbon emissions, according to 1 man or woman briefed by EPA. Coal vegetation that are scheduled to retire and gasoline units that operate at situations of peak need will deal with laxer specifications. New gasoline plants will be given a plan by which they need to begin applying carbon capture devices or fulfill an option conventional centered on hydrogen.

Obama’s 2015 energy plant rule would have pushed utilities to switch from coal to cleaner resources of ability, but federal courts blocked it just before it could just take effect, and the Supreme Court turned down it previous yr. The justices mentioned in June that EPA lacked the lawful authority to command this sort of a sweeping transform in how the United States generates electricity.

Greens say the 2022 selection, historic as it was, leaves sufficient place for EPA to control power plant carbon aggressively.

“They will need to recognize the systems that are adequately shown and charge-fair at the facility stage, and that can make a transformation,” reported 1 human being who is common with the proposal.

Environmentalists say carbon capture has been sufficiently demonstrated even even though it has not been commonly deployed. And they stage to expanded incentives under last year’s local weather expending regulation, identified as the Inflation Reduction Act, to argue that it is economical. That regulation provides providers $85 for

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$4.1m in unconstitutional DMV technological know-how cost refunds stays uncollected by Nevadans

by April Corbin Girnus, Nevada Existing

Only a 3rd of the $6 million in unconstitutional technologies expenses collected by the Nevada Section of Motor Autos has designed it again into the wallets of inhabitants and firms, according to a new report by the point out agency.

Nevadans have until June 30 to claim their refunds, right after which the remaining dollars will be positioned in the Condition Freeway Fund.

Of the total $3.8 million owed to 1.8 million individual customers, only $242,407 had been claimed as of Feb. 28, according to the most modern quarterly report compiled by the DMV. That performs out to just 6% of the total obtainable refunds making it back again to the folks owed them.

The declare level for company and fleet proprietors has been markedly better: $1.6 million of the $2.2 million owed back again to those people clients has been claimed by a lot more than 44,500 organizations. That is 74% of the overall available amount of money.

Completely, that usually means $1.86 million of a overall $6 million accessible — 31% — has produced it again to the men and women who compensated it.

That leaves virtually $3.6 million unclaimed by individuals and $574,614 unclaimed by enterprises and fleet proprietors.

Corporations have been mailed checks and a letter explaining the refund in February 2022. The DMV will make 1 additional try and reissue a further batch of checks to organizations “in the upcoming handful of months,” according to spokesperson Kevin Malone.

Men and women were being not mailed checks or instantly told they had been owed something. Rather, the DMV has relied on media and social media to get the word out. When establishing its refund system, the DMV believed it would have price tag $7.8 million to concern $6 million truly worth of checks to anyone who was owed a refund. They claimed the value of programming the refunds as credits to people’s accounts would have been similarly price tag prohibitive.

The program agreed to by the court docket and litigants set a $2.3 million price range for issuing the refunds. That appropriation arrived from the State Freeway Fund. As of Feb. 28, the DMV experienced expended $584,953 of that. The remainder will revert back again to the Point out Highway Fund.

For the common Nevadan, the sum owed to them is very likely only a few pounds. In accordance to a DMV spokesperson, the typical refund for person customers was $2.95, and $35.94 for companies.

To get their money back, Nevadans have to bodily check out a branch of the DMV (no DMV spouse workplaces or kiosks authorized). They can only go to on weekdays — not weekends — although they do not require an appointment and really should not have to wait in line mainly because there is a focused window, in accordance to the DMV’s web site.

Refunds, which are paid out in $1 costs, can only be picked up by the man or woman who is

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Technological know-how Dependancy Has Developed a Self-Assist Lure

For a long time, I sat down to get the job done just about every morning, knowing hours afterwards that I felt drained, but acquired minor finished. In its place of producing, I invested my time texting, emailing, and mostly aimlessly browsing by way of information websites, blogs, and social networks. Just about every click brought on a different. I experimented with to regain control by working with an application referred to as Freedom that blocked my personal computer on-line obtain for preset intervals of time. From time to time it aided, in particular when I experienced a perform deadline looming. At times it didn’t. But seeking to manage operate time was only portion of the battle. I retained emotion the irresistible urge to pull out my cellphone where ever I went. At that issue, I blamed myself. Soon after all, I was the girl who used several hours participating in movie online games properly into faculty. But a thing took place in 2015 that built me comprehend that something considerably bigger was awry.

It was a Saturday evening when I arrived with my household to a friends’ household for supper. Their 11-year-previous son was enjoying with his parents’ iPad. When we came in, his dad and mom demanded that he hand it around and join the other children. The boy at very first refused to hand it in excess of. He then attempted angrily to snatch it back from his mom, regressing to toddler-style wailing to need the device. Through a very long evening he exercised every single manipulation tool in his electrical power to regain regulate of the iPad. As I noticed his parents’ despair, I recalled a spouse and children conflict that transpired at my parents’ residence some a long time earlier. At that time doctors diagnosed my father, a significant smoker, with emphysema. My father could have prevented his unpleasant final years, hooked to an oxygen tank, by quitting using tobacco when he was identified. He refused. We desperately tried to resist his conclusion by using his cigarettes absent. But like my friends’ son, my father reacted with uncharacteristic anger, exercising each suggests at his disposal to get his cigarette pack back again.

That working day I started to see how our present relates to our previous. The past can solution one particular of today’s most perplexing complications. Why, despite multiple reports from Silicon Valley whistleblowers revealing that know-how companies are working with manipulative types to prolong our time on the web, do we come to feel individually responsible? Why do we even now blame ourselves and hold trying to get new self-support strategies to reduce our time on the net? We can understand from the past due to the fact in this scenario the tech companies did not innovate. Rather, the know-how sector manipulated us next an aged playbook, set collectively by other powerful industries, which include the tobacco and food items industries. 

When the tobacco and food items industries confronted allegations that their products

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