Developer jobs and programming languages: What’s hot and what’s next

Software development is the hottest job on the market – and business is booming.


Image: SolisImages/GETTY

The role of the software developer is as central to an organization’s success now as those right at the top. While they might not be involved in corporate decision making, developers are crucial to steering growth within the enterprise in a market in which software savviness is increasingly a marker of commercial success.

Running technology in a business has become a business in itself. As commerce goes digital and consumers spend more time working, shopping and managing their lives from home, companies are spending billions of dollars to showcase their technology and maintain a lead on competitors. As a result, software creators find themselves in enormous demand.

This ZDNet Special Feature series is both an examination of the role of developers and the work they do, as well as an exploration into the trends that are shaping the software industry, and with it, the direction of travel for businesses in the coming months and years. Our ambition is to cast a light on the value of software developers in the modern digital workplace, as well as investigate the skills, technologies and programming languages that are driving market demand.

Programming languages 

According to CompTIA’s February 2022 Tech Jobs Report, software developers are the biggest driver of tech-hiring activity within US organizations. The average salary of US tech workers in 2018 was $84,300; today, it’s closer to $120,500, with those in decision-making positions able to earn an average salary of $138,200, according to CompTIA.

Dice’s 2022 Tech Salary Report recorded a 6.9% increase in the average technologist salary between 2019 and 2021, reaching $104,566. “That’s the highest salary ever recorded by the Dice Salary Report, and a positive sign for technologists in terms of the current and potential future value of their skills and experience,” the authors noted.

SEE: The easiest programming languages to learn 

The fact that some of the best-paying jobs are in tech is a testament to the value that these professionals bring to businesses, and as such, having one or more programming languages under your belt is going to make you extremely appealing in the eyes of recruiters. Businesses are currently falling over themselves to secure the talent they need to move with the times, making software jobs a secure and lucrative employment field in an otherwise uncertain economic climate.

According to O’Reilly’s 2021 Data and AI Salary Survey, developers who work with niche programming languages are likely to take home higher average salaries than their more common counterparts, largely owing to the fact that they are in such short supply.

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Salary by programming language – O’Reilly 2021 Data/AI Salary Survey.


Image: O’Reilly

Its survey found that the most widely used and popular programming languages fell in the middle of the salary range. This included Python ($150,000), SQL ($144,000), Java ($155,000), and JavaScript ($146,000). Web languages, such as HTML, PHP, and CSS, were at the bottom of the range, at

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Developer cancels crowdfunded MMO and disappears amid fraud allegations

Indie MMO challenge TitanReach has lurched from crisis to disaster because its preliminary Kickstarter launch back in 2020, and it now looks to have finished for superior in confusion and failure, with a YouTuber shut to the undertaking alleging that the guide developer misappropriated trader money to gamble on cryptocurrency and even buy a Tesla for his own use.

TitanReach was a “Runescape-like” MMO that in the long run unsuccessful to satisfy its first Kickstarter aim of $430,000. Undeterred, the developers, Sq. Root Studios, adopted a “thirty day period-to-month” crowdfunding model, and noticed ongoing interest from its group in excess of the course of quite a few Early Obtain iterations. In the long run, the $200,000 Square Root received in crowdfunding was not adequate to sustain the task, and its guide developer, going by the username “Unravel,” introduced the close of growth on the game’s Discord in August of 2021.

The next month, Unravel took again to Discord to announce that the match experienced been fully funded by an nameless angel trader, and that enhancement would resume. KiraTV, an impartial critic on YouTube who had previously included TitanReach extensively and corresponded with its developers, claimed to have spoken to this trader in a online video posted close to this time.

Irrespective of this stunning windfall, TitanReach ceased progress once again just past 7 days, with Unravel saying the depletion of their cash on Discord and diving into a very long digression about the NFT integration he was hoping to incorporate with the activity. The surprise closure coupled with the unpredicted expose of blockchain options, a controversial subject on its very own, led to a backlash against the developers, together with threats of doxxing. SquareRoot shut the TitanReach Discord, and the game’s website and social media accounts have all gone dark.

(Picture credit score: Sq. Root)

Earlier described YouTuber KiraTV has now introduced a video alleging that TitanReach’s angel investor pulled out just after Unravel misappropriated resources for a failed $150,000 cryptocurrency expense and bought a Tesla for his very own particular use, with screenshots of Discord discussions as main evidence. 

KiraTV also statements that TitanReach’s secret trader is South African cryptocurrency entrepreneur Andre Cronje, and alleges that Unravel tried to bribe him into not investigating the motive for Cronje pulling his funding. We have achieved out to Mr Cronje and will update this posting if we get a statement.

In the meantime, Unravel has absent to ground and other former customers of Square Root have not spoken out. It really is a bizarre story of net fraud and lofty ambitions, weaving with each other several 2022 gaming throughlines: crowdfunding, cryptocurrency, and the increasingly shut interactions between builders and their games’ influencers. It surely will make the situation (at the time once more) that we must be circumspect about crowdfunding a recreation from an unproven developer, specifically a project as ambitious and high-priced as an MMO.

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Coding bootcamps won’t make you a developer: Here’s what will

The headlines are hard to resist. Salaries for programmers are said to be soaring. Annual paychecks for AI experts are topping $1 million. Why dream of winning the lottery when coding bootcamps are springing up with promises to teach everyone what they need to get a ticket on the gravy train?

The good news is that schools and camps often deliver enough knowledge to turn some people into great programmers. The bad news is that the lessons alone are far from enough. Programming isn’t a least-resistance path to a more secure, better-paying, work-life balanced job. It’s a difficult occupation that not everyone is suited for. If it were easy, everyone could do it—and then it wouldn’t be as valuable.

The first steps are often seductively easy. You set one variable—call it salary—to 50000. Then you type “salary=salary*10”. Bingo. You’re coding. It’s an exciting rush, and that experience might lead you to believe that you can become a professional developer with just a few more months of learning.  

The basic information is out there, and you don’t even need to pay very much to get it. There are plenty of good courses on Coursera and Udemy. Some high-end schools such as MIT even provide their lectures for free.

But before you jump into a bootcamp that will steal your evenings and separate you from your hard-earned money, there are several caveats you need to consider. That’s the focus for the initial sections of this article.

And if you’re still interested, the second part is filled with advice for how to make the best of it. There’s also a lot of noise around the question “How do I become a coder?” Instead of another list of things to do, you’ll learn what not to do, which is equally important.

Much of the value comes from very specific knowledge

Basic programming skills are easy to find. Many kids learn quite a bit in high school taking advanced placement computer science courses. But that’s not what businesses need. Many of the real-world jobs involve fixing, updating, and improving some pile of code written in a particular, somewhat obscure language. Perhaps it’s an old version of Python or one of the languages that used to be popular, such as COBOL. 

They’re not paying for programming talent per se. They’re paying for someone with specific knowledge. Someone who, for instance, knows what not to do with ECMAScript 6.blah to avoid crashing old browsers that 5% of customers still use. 

No bootcamp teaches these details. This is why many ads for programmers ask for years of experience with specific buzzwords. The bootcamp might do a great job teaching you how to code in a few months, but you’ll still need to spend years learning the idiosyncrasies of particular languages. 

Bootcamps and online classes may take only months to complete, but wisdom can take a lifetime to nurture. It’s easy to learn about variables, loops, and other abstractions. Building up the instincts to deploy them correctly

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Major programming languages: This developer preferred shows no signal of slowing down

Computer software testing outfit Tiobe has awarded Python the programming language of the calendar year for the next time in a row, thanks to the language’s chops in machine finding out. 

The award is specified by the organization to the programming language that has gained the maximum improve in scores in just one calendar year. C# was on its way to get the title for the initially time in accordance to Tiobe, but Python overtook C# in the very last thirty day period. Python is the most well known programming language nowadays since of equipment finding out, information science and its prosperity of application libraries from the Python Package deal index (PyPI) that lend the language to these fields. 

Tiobe’s rankings are centered on words and phrases builders use to look for for a offered language and damaged down by the share of lookups. It is 1 proxy for what languages developers really should invest time in understanding, along with lists produced by RedMonk and IEEE. 

SEE: The IT competencies hole is having even worse. Listed here are 10 methods you can keep away from a disaster

The award also reflects Microsoft’s importance to developers.

Microsoft hired Python creator Guido van Rossum in 2020 to operate on improving the language’s performance. The language is effective perfectly on higher-conclude components, lags on cell, but opens new opportunities for improvement on cloud platforms like Azure. 

The second most preferred language in accordance to Tiobe’s once-a-year record is C#, which is a language intended by Microsoft technical fellow Anders Hejlsberg for the .Net Framework and Microsoft’s developer modifying resource Visual Studio. 

In contrast Java, a common for enterprise programs, has misplaced floor to Python even as it stays an critical language to find out.

“Java’s all-time record of 26.49% ratings in 2001 is continue to far away, but Python has it all to grow to be the de facto common programming language for numerous domains. There are no signs that Python’s triumphal march will end before long,” writes Paul Jensen, main of Tiobe. He details out that there is a confined established of new contenders to selected from: “except perhaps for Swift and Go, we never count on any new languages entering the top 5 or even the top rated 3 any time quickly,” he mentioned.

Languages appear and go in popularity and tasks to keep them relevant aren’t assured to be profitable. 

SEE: Programming languages: Why this previous favorite is sliding down the rankings

There were quite a few movers and shakers this yr. Rust, a programs programming language that discounts with memory security flaws, is now in 26th situation, forward of MIT’s Julia, and Kotlin, a language endorsed by Google for Android app progress. 

Rust was a stand out language in 2021, getting backing from Fb, Amazon Internet Products and services, Microsoft Azure and Google Cloud.    

Apple’s Swift for iOS and macOS app progress jumped from 13th to 10th spot, while Google’s Go inched up from 14 to 13, according

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Programming languages: How Python is making a developer community of thousands and thousands


Picture: Shutterstock

The Python Software package Foundation (PSF) has been the driving drive guiding the Python undertaking given that 2001. As nicely as managing the license for the open-resource programming language, the non-profit firm is charged with supporting the growth of the Python community – a large and globe-spanning network comprising upwards of 10.1 million builders, numerous of whom add to the language’s ongoing improvement.

However matters can acquire time when you might be mainly reliant on portion-time volunteers to continue to keep matters going ahead, specially when just about every contributor has their own individual curiosity in the language and may possibly be trying to pull it in a specific path appropriately.

“I consider it is one thing we have uncovered to reside with,” says Ewa Jodlowska, who stepped down from her role as the PSF’s executive director in early December.

“I you should not believe it is really an concern, it just normally takes a large amount longer to do anything at all simply because getting community consensus all around any variety of course or transform takes a long time. In Python and a whole lot of open-resource communities, conclusions really don’t come top rated-down: they arrive from generating sure that the neighborhood is associated in the discussion.”

SEE: The IT competencies hole is acquiring worse. Right here are 10 approaches you can keep away from a disaster

Group has always been central to the Python programming language. Only a handful of developers operate on the core programming language whole-time, with a great deal of the contributions to the language coming from an army of volunteers.

Rallying that army calls for a significant sum of outreach, and a potent, collaborative community focused to driving the programming language ahead. “Building the outreach composition and possessing that expand to a world community has been incredible and possibly my favourite portion of the get the job done that we did,” Jodlowska tells ZDNet.

“If it was not for that outreach and getting the time to make absolutely sure that men and women all above the environment could have the cash to actually learn Python and all that very good things, it would not be the range a person language as it is these days.”

Jodlowska expended more than a ten years at the PSF, having started as an celebration coordinator in 2011 and stepping into the position of govt director in 2019. Considerably of her tenure in her leadership place was expended navigating the unsure waters of the pandemic.

Two several years of world wide uncertainty has inevitably established setbacks for the PSF and set some of its wider ambitions on ice – significantly with the cancellation of PyCon in 2020, which prompted the PSF to glimpse for new methods of funding Python that ended up considerably less reliant on the conference.

“We in all probability misplaced about $600,000 in anticipated profits that we did not get, which variety of established back a great deal of the aims that [the PSF]

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Developer job: Start schooling to be a Java programmer

Understanding to code isn’t going to have to be tough you just want the appropriate instruction. Now you can get it without having acquiring to go back again to faculty or paying out a compact fortune.

Picture: Wright Studio/Shutterstock

If you’d like to swap to a nicely-compensated tech occupation in 2022, you happen to be in luck. Even if you are an absolute novice, you can learn every little thing you need to have to know to get commenced as a Java programmer and go on relocating up the vocation ladder as quickly as you want from the Full Java Programming Bootcamp bundle. And it really is now accessible for just $29.

If you are a total beginner, you have a selection of 3 lessons to start off with. “Java Programming from Zero to Hero: Java Done” is a quick overview that features 48 lessons in underneath 4 hrs. If you’d like to acquire matters a small extra slowly but surely, “Java Programming—the Master Training course” is a stage-by-move guide with 88 classes across 9 hours. Or you can go for the detailed “The Top Java 8 Tutorial—From Rookie to Skilled” with 172 classes in 20 several hours.

The moment you have a standard basis, “Byte Sizing Chunks: Java Item-Oriented Programming & Style and design” is a great observe-up for any of the starter classes higher than. And “Byte Measurement Chunks: Java Reflection, Annotations, and Lambdas,” will help you master these a few effective options that can make you a much more productive and economical programmer than you at any time thought feasible.

“Byte Measurement Chunks: Java Design-Look at-Controller (MVC)” teaches you how to different the code of the a variety of aspects of an application so you can emphasis on just 1 section at a time. This simplifies everything from creating apps to tests them, building team advancement and creating extra elaborate apps a lot easier. You may master how to generate plans that can concurrently execute several responsibilities in “Byte Dimensions Chunks: Java Multithreading.”

Then complete up with the to 1 collection. It incorporates style and design designs, JavaFX, Swing, Facts Structures and Algorithms. Like so many other tech abilities, programming is highly appropriate for remote work. But if you prepare to travel, be sure to consider the proper tech gear.

These courses are hosted by StackSkills, a premier eLearning platform offering leading-notch classes on every thing from business enterprise to coding to conditioning and substantially extra. You should not overlook this opportunity to go from Java newbie to grasp: get the Full Java Programming Bootcamp although it is accessible for only $29 (ordinarily $740).

Price ranges matter to change.

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